Pali Glossary
  • akusala unwholesome, unskilful
  • anattā not self
  • anumodhanā thanksgiving, appreciation of someone else’s kusala
  • arahat noble person who has attained the fourth and last stage of enlightenment
  • Buddha a fully enlightened person who has discovered the truth all by himself, without the aid of a teacher
  • citta consciousness the reality which knows or cognizes an object
  • dhamma reality, truth, the teaching
  • dukkha suffering, unsatisfactoriness of conditioned realities
  • jhāna absorption which can be attained through the development of calm
  • kamma intention or volition; deed motivated by volition
  • kasiṇa disk, used as an object for the development of calm
  • khandhas aggregates of conditioned realities classified as five groups: physical phenomena, feelings, perception or remembrance, activities or formations (cetasikas other than feeling or perception), consciousness.
  • kusala wholesome, skilful
  • lokuttara citta supramundane citta which experiences nibbāna
  • nāma mental phenomena,including those which are conditioned and also the unconditioned nāma which is nibbāna.
  • nibbāna unconditioned reality, the reality which does not arise and fall away. The destruction of lust, hatred and delusion. The deathless. The end of suffering
  • rūpa physical phenomena, realities which do not experience anything
  • samatha the development of calm
  • satipaṭṭhāna applicatioms of mindfulness. It can mean the cetasika sati which is aware of realities or the objects of mindfulness which are classified as four applications of mindfulness: Body, Feeling Citta, Dhamma. Or it can mean the development of direct understanding of realities through awareness.
  • sīla morality in action or speech, virtue
  • Tathāgata literally “thus gone”, epithet of the Buddha
  • Tipiṭaka the teachings of the Buddha
  • vipassanā wisdom which sees realities as they are
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