Pali Glossary

  • akusala unwholesome, unskilful

  • anattā not self

  • anumodhanā thanksgiving, appreciation of someone else’s kusala

  • arahat noble person who has attained the fourth and last stage of enlightenment

  • Buddha a fully enlightened person who has discovered the truth all by himself, without the aid of a teacher

  • citta consciousness the reality which knows or cognizes an object

  • dhamma reality, truth, the teaching

  • dukkha suffering, unsatisfactoriness of conditioned realities

  • jhāna absorption which can be attained through the development of calm

  • kamma intention or volition; deed motivated by volition

  • kasiṇa disk, used as an object for the development of calm

  • khandhas aggregates of conditioned realities classified as five groups: physical phenomena, feelings, perception or remembrance, activities or formations (cetasikas other than feeling or perception), consciousness.

  • kusala wholesome, skilful

  • lokuttara citta supramundane citta which experiences nibbāna

  • nāma mental phenomena,including those which are conditioned and also the unconditioned nāma which is nibbāna.

  • nibbāna unconditioned reality, the reality which does not arise and fall away. The destruction of lust, hatred and delusion. The deathless. The end of suffering

  • rūpa physical phenomena, realities which do not experience anything

  • samatha the development of calm

  • satipaṭṭhāna applicatioms of mindfulness. It can mean the cetasika sati which is aware of realities or the objects of mindfulness which are classified as four applications of mindfulness: Body, Feeling Citta, Dhamma. Or it can mean the development of direct understanding of realities through awareness.

  • sīla morality in action or speech, virtue

  • Tathāgata literally “thus gone”, epithet of the Buddha

  • Tipiṭaka the teachings of the Buddha

  • vipassanā wisdom which sees realities as they are